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Crop Production Report Forecasts Record Corn Crop



(NAFB)--According to the Crop Production report issued by USDA Monday - U.S. corn growers are expected to produce a record-high 13.8-billion bushels of corn in 2013.

That’s a 28-percent increase from drought-stricken 2012. While the early planting season wasn’t very favorable this year - with abnormally wet and cold spring weather leading to just five-percent of corn planted by April 28th - the weather became more favorable in mid-May. This allowed producers to speed up their planting pace and tie the previous single-week planting record by getting 43-percent of the total crop in the ground during the week ending on May 19th. Growers completed planting by mid-June - with 97.4-million acres planted. As of August 4th - 64-percent of the U.S. corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition - significantly higher than at this time last year. As a result - USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service is forecasting this year’s corn yield at 154.4-bushels per acre. That would be the third-highest yield on record.

U.S. soybean production is forecast at 3.26-billion bushels - up eight-percent from last year. Growers are expected to harvest 76.4-million acres of soybeans - which would be the second largest harvested acreage on record. Like corn growers - soybean producers were hampered by the unfavorable weather during the planting season. Planting of the crop wasn’t underway in all 18 major soybean growing states until mid-May. The improved weather in June allowed growers to speed up their planting. Growers had 96-percent of the crop in the ground by June 30th - and based on August 1 conditions - yields are expected to average 42.6-bushels per acre.

Monday’s Crop Production report also included the first production forecast for U.S. cotton. NASS forecasts all cotton production at 13.1-million 480-pound bales - down 25-percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 813-pounds per harvested acre - down 74-pounds from last year. Wheat production is also estimated lower than 2012. All wheat production is expected to total 2.11-billion bushels - a seven-percent decline from 2012. The all wheat yield - based on conditions on August 1 - is forecast at 46.2-bushels per acre.

For this report - NASS interviewed more than 24-thousand producers across the country. The agency also conducted field and lab measurements on corn, soybeans, wheat and cotton in the major producing states - which usually account for about 75-percent of U.S. production. The September Agricultural Survey will focus on wheat, barley, oats and rye growers. That survey will take place the first two weeks of September.
 

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