The U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission will hold the hearing Thursday at the Curtis Hall Auditorium.
The commission was created by Congress to monitor the United States' economic relationship with China and give advice to Congress and the executive branch.
It picked Iowa State as the location for its annual field hearing outside Washington because of its strengths in agriculture and other fields.
Testimony is expected to examine the future of China's agricultural and food processing industries, and some of the safety and public health issues that plague them. Trade barriers and business opportunities for U.S. firms will also be explored.