Corn for grain production is estimated at 10.8 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November 1 forecast but 13 percent below 2011. The average yield in the United States is estimated at 123.4 bushels per acre. This is up 1.1 bushels from the November forecast but 23.8 bushels below the 2011 average yield of 147.2. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 87.4 million acres, down slightly from the November forecast but up 4 percent from 2011.
Sorghum grain production in 2012 is estimated at 247 million bushels, down 4 percent from the November 1 forecast but up 15 percent from 2011. Planted area is estimated at 6.24 million acres, up 14 percent from last year. Area harvested for grain, at 4.96 million acres, is up 26 percent from 2011. Average grain yield, at 49.8 bushels per acre, is down 1.3 bushels from the previous forecast and down
4.8 bushels from last year.
Rice: Production in 2012 is estimated 199 million cwt, up slightly from the previous forecast and 8 percent above 2011. Planted area is estimated at 2.70 million acres, up slightly from 2011. Area harvested, at 2.68 million acres, is up 2 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all United States rice is estimated at a record high 7,449 pounds per acre, up 32 pounds from the previous forecast and 382 pounds above the 2011 yield.
Soybean production in 2012 totaled 3.01 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November 1 forecast but down 3 percent from 2011. United States production is the seventh largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 39.6 bushels, 0.3 bushel above the November 1 forecast but 2.3 bushels below last year's yield. Harvested area is up 3 percent from 2011 to 76.1 million acres and is the third highest on record.
All cotton production is estimated at 17.0 million 480-pound bales, down 1 percent from last month but up 9 percent from 2011. The United States yield is estimated at 866 pounds per acre, up 73 pounds from the December 1 forecast and up 76 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 9.43 million acres, is down 10 percent from last month and down fractionally from last year.
Corn Production at 248 Million Bushels
Missouri produced an estimated 248 million bushels of corn in 2012, the least since the 247 million bushels in 1999. The drought reduced yield was 75 bushels per acre, the lowest since 51 bushels per acre in the drought year of 1983. This came off 3.6 million acres of corn planted, the highest corn acreage in the state since 1960. Of these acres, 3.3 million were harvested for grain. Another 220 thousand acres were harvested for silage, the most since 1983. The remaining 80 thousand acres were either baled or abandoned.
Soybean Production 155 Million Bushels
The remnants of Hurricane Isaac bought rains to the state at the end of August. These rains and subsequent September rains helped soybean pod fill across much of the state. The result was an estimated 155.2 million bushels of soybeans produced. Though the lowest total since 2003, the soybean crop faired better than originally thought. The yield, at 29.5 bushels per acre was also the lowest since
2003. There were 5.4 million acres of soybeans planted in 2012; 5.26 million acres were harvested. There were 140 thousand acres not harvested, the same as last year when flooding was the cause. Many soybeans planted behind wheat were never harvested.
Wheat Crop Best in Nine Years
As reported in September, the 2012 Missouri wheat crop is estimated at 39.3 million bushels, the most since 2008. This year’s early and warm spring helped the crop to yield 57 bushels per acre, the second highest yield recorded for the state behind the 61 bushels per acre in 2003. The final estimate for wheat acres planted was 790 thousand acres, the same as last year. Harvested acres are estimated at 690,000, 10 thousand more than 2011. The wheat crop was harvested early enough so that it was not affected by the drought.
Hay Production Drops
Total hay production for Missouri decreased by almost a million tons to 5.254 million tons. This is the lowest hay production for the state since the drought year of 1988 when 5.088 million tons were produced. Production came off of 3.66 million acres harvested, the smallest harvested acreage since 1997. The average yield for the state was 1.44 tons per acre. There were 260 thousand acres of alfalfa hay harvested. The average alfalfa yield was 1.9 tons per acre. This was the first time since 1955 that the average yield was below 2 tons per acre. Estimated production was 494 thousand tons.Hay, excluding alfalfa, was harvested from 3.4 million acres with an average yield of 1.4 tons. The total production was 4.76 million tons.